Talking about tourism in Yogyakarta is always an exciting thing among tourists. Yogyakarta city tour provides travelers with a perfect combination of natural beauty, historical, cultural and spiritual, as well as culinary attractions. You can get them in a single Yogyakarta city tour package. Visiting Yogyakarta in a single tour is not enough, as there are so many attractions to see and enjoy. That is why many travelers ask for thematic tour packages, such as historical tour packages, natural tour packages, cultural and spiritual tour packages, or even adventure tour packages.
Most Important Historical Sites To Visit in Yogyakarta City Tour
The richness of culture and tradition in Yogyakarta is traced back to its long history. If you want to explore more about the history of Yogyakarta, taking the Yogyakarta city tour package will satisfy your curiosity. The following are the most important historical traces to visit in Yogyakarta as a part of Yogyakarta City Tour:
Keraton Yogyakarta is a must-visit historical site in Yogyakarta if you want to explore its history, it is also the icon of tourism in Yogyakarta. Known as Kraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat, Yogyakarta Palace, which was built between 1755 to 1756, is the greatest trace of history in the central area of Java. The elegant complex of the Palace is still used as a home for the Royal family of Sultan Hamengkubuwono X, who is also the Governor of Yogyakarta.
According to an ancient belief, the position of the Royal Palace was chosen based on the connection between God, the natural realm, and the people. Most areas in the palace complex are used as a museum, where the tourists can see the rich collections of the Royal family along the history. They include some gifts from European kings, replicas of the royal heirloom, and the traditional musical instrument, known as gamelan. Keraton Yogyakarta is open for tourists everyday between 09.00 am to 14.00 pm, except for Friday.
Still within the complex of Keraton Yogyakarta, you can visit Taman Sari, namely, the royal water castle. It is situated about 2 km to the south of the main Palace. In history, it was used as a royal garden, a rest area, a meditation area, a workshop, a defense area, and even a hiding place. There are three big pools in the water castle complex. In the past, they served different functions.
Keraton Yogyakarta is a large royal complex. If this is the first time for you to visit the royal complex, you are recommended to have a tour guide, as you may get lost along the small alleys within the complex. It is better if the tour guide, as well as the entrance ticket, is included in the Yogyakarta city tour you take.
Kotagede is a name of a sub-district in Yogyakarta. The area had a very rich historical contribution when it comes to the birth of The Islamic Mataram kingdom, which rules almost the entire Java. Kotagede is one of the oldest settlements in Yogyakarta. More interestingly, in August 2019, CNN Travel cited Kotagede in the list of 13 most beautiful complexes in Asia! Therefore, it is a great destination to include in your Jogja city tour package.
Despite modern life, you can still see a very strong traditional atmosphere in Kotagede. Historical traces to see in Kotagede include the following:
- A Large Mosque that traced back to Mataram Kingdom. The mosque has unique architecture, as it looks like a traditional Javanese house.
- The cemetery of Mataram Kingdom forefathers
- A number of fort’s ruins
- The traditional market of Kotagede
- The Royal Palace, called Kedhaton
- Kotagede traditional village, and many more
Nowadays, Kotagede is also known as a silver craft center. Along the Yogyakarta city tour, you can see a number of silver stores, galleries, and boutiques that sell silver crafts in various forms, such as jewelry, boxes, and cutleries. The tourists usually buy them as take-home souvenirs.
*Also read this article: Yogyakarta Tour Package: the Dream Outdoor and Cultural Tour
The historical site is situated near the Malioboro shopping street in Yogyakarta. The fort was built in 1765 by the Dutch Government as defense from the attacks and a facility used by the Dutch government to monitor the activities inside Keraton Yogyakarta. Now, Vredeburg Fort functions as a historical museum. Here, the visitors can see a rich collection of Dutch heritage and historical objects.
The Province Government of Yogyakarta now uses the museum for a number of historical attractions. Inside the museum, there are diorama of Indonesian history, interactive media, audiovisual room, and other historical objects. More interestingly, Vredeburg Fort is preserved in its original architecture. You may need to pay an entrance ticket to get into the fort, but the fee could be included in the Yogyakarta city tour package.
Located right in the center of Yogyakarta, Tugu Jogja is the most popular landmark of the city. The 3-century old monument has a very important meaning, and it keeps some important historical records of Yogyakarta. Tugu Jogja is one year younger than Keraton Yogyakarta is. It brings very deep philosophical meaning. It symbolizes togetherness of lay-people and the royal government to fight colonials.
In Javanese language, the term golong gilig refers to the spirit of togetherness. The spirit is embraced explicitly in the original architectural design of the monument, namely, a cylindrical shape (gilig) at the pole and rounded shape (golong) at the top part. Historically, Tugu Jogja was known as Tugu Golong-Gilig.
Unfortunately, a huge earthquake in 1867 destroyed the monument. The Dutch government renovated Tugu Jogja in 1889, but the original architecture was not preserved. Since the renovation, the name of the monument changed to Tugu Pal putih, or white pole monument. However, the people of Yogyakarta as well as the visitors prefer to call it Tugu Jogja.
The 5 important historical traces discussed above are great destinations to include in the Yogyakarta city tour. They are easy to access since all of them are located at the center of Yogyakarta city. Of course, there are many more interesting historical sites you can visit to explore more about the history, traditional and spiritual life in Yogyakarta.